"Adaptation requires science that analyzes decisions, identifies vulnerabilities, improves foresight, and develops options."
Here is an important 'Policy Forum' paper in Science with almost as many authors as a particle physics paper. Some will cringe at the prospect of 'adaptation science' because it suggests that we have given up on GHG mitigation. Not so; it just means that we need to face the fact that even if GHG emissions were zeroed tomorrow, we could still face high global temperatures for hundreds of years.
Here is the summary:
Informing the extensive preparations needed to manage climate risks, avoid damages, and realize emerging opportu- nities is a grand challenge for climate change science. U.S. President Obama underscored the need for this research when he made cli- mate preparedness a pillar of his climate policy. Adaptation improves preparedness and is one of two broad and increasingly important strategies (along with mitigation) for climate risk management. Adaptation is required in virtually all sectors of the economy and regions of the globe, for both built and natural systems (1).
However, without the appropriate science delivered in a decision-relevant context, it will become increasingly difficult—if not impossible—to prepare adequately (2). We suggest a number of measures to has- ten the development of science to correct maladaptations to current climate variabilty and support society’s increasing need to adapt to a changing climate, drawing on les- sons from experience, insights from related endeavors such as sustainability science (3), and input from scientific and stakeholder communities.
"More broadly, sustained support for problem-oriented fundamental research on adaptation needs to be increased at research agen- cies. A particular challenge is to develop effective approaches to learn from adaptation practice as well as published research. Progress toward achieving the goal of adapting to changing climate will require demonstrating tangible benefits for society by connecting research and applications." - from the aforementioned article (last paragraph)