Prof. Salvador Montenegro-Guillén of Nicaragua, a new member of the GWP Steering Committee, gave this PPT presentation at our recent SC meeting. He gave me permission to post it. The file is quite large - about 50MB.
Salvador, an ecologist who was let go from his position at UNAN, the national university, emphasized that his presentation deals only with the water and related issues surrounding the proposed canal. He noted that there are many other concerns about the canal, including those dealing with human and ecosystem impacts - ethical, health, property rights, gender, culture, human rights, etc. These are not addressed here but are extremely important.
The Chinese company HKND Group will be constructing the canal. Cost estimates seem to hover around USD 40B-50B. The consulting firm ERM is heavily involved in the ESIA (Environmental and Social Impact Assessment).
Salvador is passionately opposed to the canal. He sadly noted that the HKND Group got Nicaragua to agree to some unreasonable conditions. Among them is one allowing HKND to take any land they want (with few exceptions) without acquiring permission from the government or the landowners. Sounds like sort of an extreme eminent domain. HKND can also seek funds if the canal fails for any reason. He said that could drain the country's treasury.
One funny item: this cartoon Salvador uses in his PPT must date from the early 1900s.
The dog on the right is the USA and the other animals, from right to left, represent Great Britain, Germany, Russia, Spain, France and Italy.
"There isn't any way for the people of Nicaragua to find out what's going on in Nicaragua." - Elliott Abrams
"The people of Nicaragua were suffering oppression. This made us develop an awareness which eventually led us to commit ourselves to the struggle against the domination of the capitalists of our country in collusion with the U.S. government, i.e. imperialism." - Daniel Ortega (before he became President)